May 2023 • Volume 16 • No 3 • Published monthly • ISSN 1757-7365
THE ENERGY INDUSTRY TIMES is published by Man in Black Media • www.mibmedia.com • Editor-in-Chief: Junior Isles • For all enquiries email: enquiries@teitimes.com
Green grids
Building the next terawatt
Ideally situated between Europe
and Asia, the Gulf region could
act as a bridge linking a global
network of green grids.
Page 13
Despite the current challenging conditions,
the wind power sector will add as much
capacity in the next decade as it has
over the last 40 years.
Page 14
News In Brief
TenneT deal is boost
for global offshore wind
The signing of a contract between
TenneT and four cooperation part-
ners to develop the North Sea as a
hub for sustainable and independent
European energy production will go
a signicant way to the EU realising
its ambition for offshore wind.
Page 2
Brazil prepares for inaugural
offshore wind auction
Brazil is expected to launch its rst
offshore wind auction this year with
the aim of bringing winning projects
into operation in 2027.
Page 4
Green shift will be tall order
for India
Making the transition from coal to
clean energy will be a tall order for
India, with the scale of transition
being described as “massive” by a
US-based think tank.
Page 5
Offshore wind investor
interest moving to oating
wind farms
Europe invested just €17 billion in
new offshore wind farms in 2022,
down from €41 billion in 2021 and
the lowest since 2009, according to
WindEurope’s Annual Financing
and Investment Trends report.
Page 8
Analysts fear clean energy
U-turn following Enel
Analysts are concerned over a po-
tential change in Enel’s clean energy
transition strategy following up-
coming changes to the state-owned
Italian energy giant’s management
Page 9
Technology Focus:
Modelling weather impact for
renewable energy
The Institute for Environmental
Analytics describes how data-driv-
en energy modelling helps with
planning effective nancial and op-
erational strategies for renewable
power production.
Page 15
or call +44 208 523 2573
Although emissions from the power sector appear to be ofcially in decline due to the
increasing deployment of renewables, more needs to be done to accelerate the phase-out of
coal. Yet it is an area in which the G7 remains unable to reach a consensus. Junior Isles
US and EU move to reduce dependency on Russia for nuclear materials
Final Word
The G7 will need to be a
bit more magnicent in the
climate change battle, says
Junior Isles. Page 16
Carbon emissions from global electric-
ity generation may have peaked in
2022, but the use of coal for power
generation is not decreasing fast
enough to avoid the Paris Agreement’s
target of a maximum of 2°C of warm-
ing, according to new research from
Chalmers University of Technology
and Lund University, Sweden.
In a study by the research pro-
gramme Mistra Electrication, a
group of researchers analysed 72
countries’ pledged commitments to
phase out their coal use by 2022–
2050. It found that the Paris Agree-
ment’s target of a maximum of 2°C of
warming appears to be missed, and
the world is moving towards a
temperature increase of 2.5–3°C.
In the best-case scenario, the re-
searchers show that it is possible that
the temperature increase will stay at
2°C. But that assumes, among other
things, that both China and India be-
gin phasing out their coal use within
ve years. Furthermore, their phase-
out needs to be as rapid as it has been
in the UK, which is the fastest to ever
happen in a large country, and faster
than Germany has promised. This
may create inequities, which will
need to be addressed by international
The study came just ahead of a G7
climate, energy and environment
meeting in Japan where ministers
from Canada, Germany, Italy, Japan,
UK and the US pledged to accelerate
a gradual phase-out of fossil fuels
and the shift towards renewable en-
ergy but failed to set a rm timeline
for phasing out coal red power
plants amid continuing opposition
from Japan.
A 36-page document issued at the
meeting’s conclusion reafrmed the
G7’s commitment “to achieving a
fully or predominantly decarbonised
power sector by 2035”, but the phras-
ing leaves open the possibility for
continued use of fossil fuel-red pow-
er. Last year, the G7 added a loophole
to a previous pledge to end invest-
ments in overseas fossil fuel projects
by the end of this year and said invest-
ment in liqueed natural gas was a
“necessary response to the current
At last month’s meeting in Sapporo,
ministers instead directed there efforts
towards growing renewables as a way
of tackling both climate change and
the energy crisis fuelled by Russia’s
war on Ukraine.
In their communiqué, the members
pledged to collectively increase off-
shore wind capacity by 150 GW by
2030 and solar capacity to more than
1 TW.
“The solar and wind commitments
are huge statements to the importance
Continued on Page 2
The United States and the European
Union have outlined a programme to
reduce their dependency on Russia for
nuclear materials and to diversify
nuclear fuel supplies.
The EU-US Energy Council said it
intended “to intensify cooperation to
reduce dependency on Russia for
nuclear materials and fuel cycle ser-
vices” and that it supported efforts by
EU member states to diversify their
nuclear fuel supplies.
There have been calls for EU sanc-
tions on the Russian nuclear industry,
but these could not be implemented
on account of the dependency of
countries like Hungary, Bulgaria,
Slovakia and the Czech Republic on
Russian fuel elements.
The news followed an announce-
ment by the Czech Republic that it
would cease sourcing fuel elements
for its nuclear power stations from
Russia from next year. In mid-April,
Westinghouse, a US-based nuclear
fuel supplier, said it will replace
Russia’s TVEL as the supplier for
CEZ’s Dukovany nuclear power
plant beginning in 2024.
Explaining the switch, CEZ’s Chief
Executive, Daniel Benes, said: “Se-
curing a western supplier of fuel as-
semblies for Dukovany is an impor-
tant step not only for the Czech
energy industry, but also for the en-
tire Czech Republic. There is a fur-
ther signicant strengthening of en-
ergy safety.”
The rst assemblies for Dukovany
with fuel supplies are set to arrive
next year. The Czech Republic’s two
nuclear power stations will fully
switch from Russian to US fuel as of
2024, covering about one-third of the
country’s total power production.
Last year, CEZ selected Westing-
house and French company Frama-
tome as its suppliers of nuclear fuel
assemblies at its second nuclear pow-
er station, Temelin. This decision
came as part of CEZ’s efforts to diver-
sify suppliers and increase security
after the Ukrainian crisis.
At a meeting of G7 energy, climate
and environment ministers last
month, the member states – Canada,
France, Germany, Italy, Japan, UK
and the US reached an agreement
aimed at “pushing” Russian Presi-
dent Vladimir Putin out of the nucle-
ar fuel market “as quickly as possi-
The G7 said it would collaborate on
exploring “strategic opportunities in
uranium extraction, conversion, en-
richment and fabrication”.
“This multilateral co-operation
would enable us to strengthen our
domestic sectors and establish a level
playing eld to compete more effec-
tively against predatory suppliers,” it
added in a statement.
Russia is one of the world’s largest
suppliers of enriched uranium for ci-
vilian nuclear programmes, with
more than 40 per cent of enrichment
capacity globally.
Several former Soviet bloc coun-
tries in Europe remain reliant on Rus-
sian nuclear fuel and have resisted
pressure to ban it from the EU until
they have an alternative, with many
working with US company Westing-
house to convert to its fuel.
Reducing dependence on Russia is
crucial in countering the Kremlin’s
ongoing use of energy as a weapon
against the west.
Last month the EU reported that it
is storing record levels of natural gas
after a milder than anticipated win-
ter, bolstering hopes that the bloc can
wean itself off imports from Russia.
The bloc’s storage totalled 55.7 per
cent of capacity at the start of April
according to the industry body Gas
Infrastructure Europe – the highest
level for early April since at least
Moody’s says, however, the EU
will probably still face a supply-de-
mand gap of around 12 per cent of its
gas storage capacity by March 2024,
based on its current estimates.
Emissions may have peaked but
Emissions may have peaked but
coal phase-out still too slow
coal phase-out still too slow
G7 ministers are still grappling with
coal phase-out timelines
Junior Isles
The signing of a contract between
TenneT and four cooperation partners
to develop the North Sea as a hub for
sustainable and independent Euro-
pean energy production will go a sig-
nicant way to the EU realising its
ambition for offshore wind and bring
the world closer to reaching increased
In April, top representatives of the
transmission system operator TenneT,
the Hitachi Energy/Petrofac coopera-
tion and the three consortium partner-
ships GE/Sembcorp (SMOP), GE/
McDermott and Siemens Energy/
Dragados ofcially signed the con-
tracts in Berlin to seal Europe’s larg-
est-ever tender award for energy tran-
sition infrastructure.
The total volume of the contracts for
the components of the 14 systems
amounts to around €30 billion. The
result will be a transmission capacity
of offshore wind energy in the German
and Dutch North Sea that will gener-
ate as much electricity as 28 large-
scale power plants.
With the signing, TenneT has now
completed the process of awarding
contracts for the sea- and land-based
converter stations for a total of 14
offshore grid connection systems,
which was launched in August 2022.
TenneT had already awarded 11 of
these systems at the end of March,
eight of them in the Netherlands and
three in Germany. Three more sys-
tems in Germany were added last
month. These 14 systems are to be
realised by 2031.
Their “core components”, i.e. the
innovative 2 GW HVDC technology
for converting alternating current into
direct current and back, will be man-
ufactured exclusively at European
production sites of the consortiums’
members in all projects.
The company stated in a press re-
lease: “With a contract of this magni-
tude, Europe will be taking a global
lead – in terms of both technology and
production – in a key sector of tomor-
row’s energy supply.”
Tim Meyerjürgens, COO of TenneT,
said: “As the leading offshore trans-
mission system operator in the EU, we
have the know-how needed to make
Europe’s goal of securing an indepen-
dent supply of renewable energies a
reality. To achieve this, the North Sea
must be developed as Europe’s green
powerhouse and quickly connected to
the electricity grids on land. We are
acting and investing accordingly. Our
2 GW Program will help make green
wind energy from the North Sea scal-
able and more cost-efcient while
continuing to minimise any impacts on
the environment.”
All agreements apply to both the
offshore and onshore converter sta-
tions and the associated HVDC tech-
nology. The contracted suppliers will
start the preparatory work for the
projects immediately.
The deal was signed as Amprion
GmbH, one of the four transmission
system operators (TSOs) in Germany
said it intends to spend about €22 bil-
lion ($24.23 billion) in the next ve
years to expand and upgrade the coun-
try’s power grid with the aim to enable
the integration of more renewable
The focus of the investment strategy
is on the expansion of the north-south
direct current corridors on land, which
will allow the distribution of wind
energy from Germany’s north to the
south and the construction of four
offshore grid connections that will
transport power from offshore wind
farms to the mainland.
Germany, along with the UK, is
among the leaders in the global charge
to accelerate offshore wind. Accord-
ing to the latest market outlook from
Wood Mackenzie, the next ten years
will see an intensied focus on off-
shore wind as the sector matures and
technology innovation and supply
chain development help make off-
shore development more accessible in
different regions.
The company’s ten-year outlook
forecasts a seven-fold increase in
global offshore wind capacity in 30
countries, with European countries
and China accounting for 81 per cent
of capacity additions.
that they will rely on the energy
superpowers of solar and wind in
order to phase-out fossil fuels,” said
Dave Jones, head of data insights at
energy think-tank Ember.
In a study issued just ahead of the
G7 meeting, the think-tank said the
power sector could have reached a
tipping point in its transition to clean
power. It said electricity emissions
grew by 1.3 per cent last year to hit
a record high, fuelled by a small
increase in coal use to meet growing
electricity demand after the end of
the Covid-19 lockdowns, but 2022
will probably be the last year the
global power sector will see growth
in greenhouse gas emissions.
Green power met 80 per cent of
the increase in electricity demand
as economies opened up after the
lockdowns, with coal generation
increasing by just 1.1 per cent dur-
ing 2022.
In a new report that draws on 2022
data from 78 countries covering 93
per cent of global electricity de-
mand, Ember says record deploy-
ments of renewable power last year
pushed wind and solar to a new high
of 12 per cent of electricity genera-
tion, up from 10 per cent in 2021.
Embers ‘Global Electricity Re-
view 2023’ suggests that clean
sources of energy, which include
hydro, nuclear and bioenergy as
well as wind and solar, now account
for nearly 40 per cent of the world’s
electricity supply.
The report also noted that the EU
increased its solar power generation
by 24 per cent in 2022 in line with
the global average, whereas EU
wind power generation grew 9 per
cent year-on-year, just over half the
average global growth of 17 per
The pace of growth in clean pow-
er will accelerate in 2023 and be-
yond, according to the Ember re-
port, as developers take advantage
of falling technology costs and fa-
vourable government policies to
roll-out more cheap green electric-
ity generation.
But despite the accelerating
growth the global energy transition
remains off-track. At the end of
March, IRENAs ‘World Energy
Transitions Outlook 2023 Preview’
called for a “fundamental course
correction” in the energy transition.
To keep 1.5°C alive, it said deploy-
ment levels must grow from some
3000 GW today to over 10 000 GW
in 2030, an average of 1000 GW
annually. Deployment is also lim-
ited to certain parts of the world.
China, the EU and the US account-
ed for two-thirds of all additions last
year, leaving developing nations
further behind.
IRENAs Director-General Fran-
cesco La Camera said, “The stakes
could not be higher. A profound and
systemic transformation of the
global energy system must occur in
under 30 years, underscoring the
need for a new approach to acceler-
ate the energy transition. Pursuing
fossil fuel and sectoral mitigation
measures is necessary but insuf-
cient to shift to an energy system t
for the dominance of renewables.”
Continued from Page 1
According to S&P Global Ratings, the
European Commission’s proposals to
reform Europe’s power market should
accelerate investment in renewable
energy by supporting the extension of
contracts for difference (CfD) schemes
and market-based power purchase
agreements (PPAs).
Indeed, S&P now expects that the
majority (50 -55 per cent, or 63 per cent
including hydro) of Western Europe’s
electricity will stem from wind and
solar generation in 2030, up from about
26 per cent this year and 20 per cent in
The ratings agency said the extension
of two-sided CfD schemes to the entire
EU strengthens price visibility for de-
velopers. These offtake agreements
take away both the uncertainty of long-
term market prices and, in the case of
renewables, the risk of intraday price
It also noted that the Commission’s
proposal for PPAs requires EU mem-
bers to ensure availability of counter-
party risk guarantees. Such a guaran-
tee-mechanism, it said, could allow
more corporates to enter into PPAs
and extend their tenors, as well as sup-
port more stable remuneration for
renewable energy source (RES) proj-
ect assets.
Power market reform will be central
to the EU achieving its increased re-
newables ambition.
In late March, the European Union
countries and negotiators from the
EU’s parliament reached a provisional
deal to raise the share of renewables in
the bloc’s energy mix.
The European Council, which repre-
sents the 27 member nations, said the
agreement reached after all-night ne-
gotiations would raise the renewable
energy target to 42.5 per cent of total
consumption by 2030. The current goal
is 32 per cent.
To meet the EU’s goal of becoming
climate neutral by 2050, the EU’s ex-
ecutive commission supported a tar-
get of 45 per cent. The council and the
European Parliament left a door open
for such an increase, agreeing on “an
additional 2.5 per cent indicative top
up” that would allow it to reach 45 per
European Commission President Ur-
sula von der Leyen said the agreement
would allow “for more ambition and
faster roll-out” of renewables. “This
will help us progress towards climate
neutrality, strengthen our energy secu-
rity and boost our competitiveness, all
at once,” von der Leyen said.
The Commission has since proposed
to revise elements of the Clean Energy
Package to support development of
offshore wind. A Proposal for a Regu-
lation would amend the Internal Mar-
ket in Electricity Regulation
((EU/2019/943) and Directive ((EU)
Recitals state that to reduce invest-
ment risk for offshore project develop-
ers and ensure projects have full access
to surrounding markets, TSOs should
guarantee access of the offshore project
to the capacity of any hybrid intercon-
nectors for all market time units.
Under the IME Regulation, when al-
locating congestion income, priority
currently is given to guaranteeing
availability of the allocated capacity
and to maintaining or increasing cross-
zonal capacity.
A third priority would be added: com-
pensating offshore generators if access
to interconnected markets has been
reduced in such a way that one or more
TSOs have not made enough capacity
available on the interconnector or the
critical network elements affecting the
capacity of the interconnector, result-
ing in the offshore plant operator not
being able to export its generation ca-
pability to the market.
Investment in grid infrastructure and
an economically efcient risk alloca-
tion as between project developers and
TSOs is critical to delivering offshore
renewable energy at scale.
The Commission invites feedback
until 23 May 2023.
Low-carbon hydrogen – electrolysis
hydrogen emitting no or marginal car-
bon – is emerging as one of the most
promising routes to accelerating the
decarbonisation of high-emission
sectors and a crucial facilitator in
achieving a greener future, says a new
report from the Capgemini Research
The report: ‘Low-Carbon Hydrogen
A Path to a Greener Future’ nds
that 62 per cent of heavy industry
companies across sectors are looking
at low-carbon hydrogen to replace
carbon-intensive systems. On aver-
age, Energy and Utilities (E&U) com-
panies expect low-carbon hydrogen to
meet 18 per cent of total energy con-
sumption by 2050. They are unlock-
ing investment across the hydrogen
value chain, notably to develop hy-
drogen infrastructure, cost-effective
electrolysers and fuel cells.
The report nds that most organisa-
tions believe low-carbon hydrogen
(3.38 kg CO
-equivalent per kg of
hydrogen) will be a long-term con-
tributor to achieving emissions and
sustainability goals. Some 63 per cent
of E&U organisations view low-car-
bon hydrogen as critical for decarbon-
ising economies, and 62 per cent be-
lieve it can help nations reduce
dependence on fossil fuels and pro-
mote energy independence.
According to those surveyed, low-
carbon hydrogen could meet up to 55
per cent of hydrogen mix totals by
2050. On average, 0.4 per cent of total
annual revenue is earmarked for low-
carbon hydrogen by E&U organisa-
tions by 2030, in particular for hydro-
gen energy transport and distribution
(53 per cent), production (52 per cent)
and R&D (45 per cent).
n RES and Octopus Energy Genera-
tion’s green hydrogen joint venture
HYRO has signed a deal to develop
electrolysers that will be used to pro-
duce green hydrogen for use in place
of gas at two Kimberly-Clark UK
manufacturing facilities.
Headline News
EU electricity market reform should accelerate renewables
EU electricity market reform should accelerate renewables
investment, says S&P Global Ratings
investment, says S&P Global Ratings
Heavy industries to leverage low-carbon hydrogen to achieve
Heavy industries to leverage low-carbon hydrogen to achieve
sustainability targets
sustainability targets
TenneT deal is boost for
TenneT deal is boost for
global offshore wind ambition
global offshore wind ambition
La Camera says “the stakes
could not be higher”
n Deals signed worth €30 billion
n Global offshore wind to increase seven-fold
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he 1.5°C limit is achievable.
But it will take a quantum leap
in climate action,” said UN
secretary-general Antonio Guterres,
in response to the latest report pub-
lished by the UN Intergovernmental
Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
The report, signed-off by govern-
ments worldwide, found that the
risks of global warming were greater
than was thought at the time of the
last assessment in 2014, with some
regions already having reached the
limit of what they can adapt to.
To avoid climate catastrophe, hu-
manity must stay within a safe car-
bon budget. However, between the
slow pace of government action, a
lack of funding, and an unwilling-
ness to divest from fossil fuels at the
pace required, current climate
change initiatives are caught be-
tween a rock and a hard place, with
millions of ordinary people paying
the price.
As it stands, fossil fuels – coal, oil,
and natural gas – supply around 80
per cent of the world’s energy, pro-
pelling the world quickly towards
what are described as irreversible
climate ‘tipping points’, the points at
which various changes to the climate
would become permanent (or at the
very least, long-term). In order to
avoid this reality, greenhouse gas
emissions would need to peak before
2025 and fall by 60 per cent by
2035. However, governments’ na-
tional emissions reduction plans are
already falling short, and at our cur-
rent rate we are on track for warm-
ing of about 2.8°C by 2100. To
avoid global disaster, governments
need to make drastic changes in fa-
vour of reducing our global carbon
Challenges to what has been the
global modus operandi for the past
150 years will undoubtedly be dis-
ruptive. However, solutions do exist.
Harnessing the huge potential of
renewable energy sources in order to
meet global needs will require both
signicant political will and resourc-
es to build the necessary large-scale
infrastructure. Practically, there
needs to be a collective adoption of
renewable power globally, from
small-scale projects such as rooftop
solar and mini-grids for rural com-
munities, to a massive expansion of
large-scale solar and wind power
projects in prime locations.
The best locations for huge solar
power stations are, obviously, des-
erts, where strong sunshine is com-
bined with cheap land, and where
covering large areas with solar pan-
els or mirrors does not displace food
production. Alongside this, the best
locations for wind infrastructure are
often equally remote, such as Pata-
gonia, the south coast of Morocco,
or indeed offshore.
However, solar and wind produc-
tion in a single location is variable.
Wind comes and goes. The sun rises
and sets.
For renewable energy to provide a
reliable source of affordable energy
365 days a year, energy-rich loca-
tions need to be linked to popula-
tions, cities, and industry by grids in
order to combine different energy
sources in different time zones into a
reliable 24/7 supply of clean energy
for all.
Whilst energy storage and other
energy sources will have a key role
to play in this, large-scale continen-
tal ‘green grids’ will be essential for
this transition.
A key geographical area that could
benet from this infrastructure is the
Gulf region.
As it stands, the Gulf region in-
cludes ve of the top ten oil-produc-
ing countries and is responsible for
27 per cent of world production.
However, what if instead of centring
their economic output on fossil fu-
els, these countries reinvested their
resources in clean energy? The Gulf
region, with its vast deserts and
year-round sunshine, is a prime loca-
tion for the extensive solar farms
necessary for humanity’s growing
energy needs.
Ideally situated between Europe
and Asia, the region could act as a
bridge linking the global network of
green grids; desert solar could be de-
livered to Europe by day, with Euro-
pean and North African wind energy
transmitted eastwards during the
night. This mutually benecial ex-
change of energy could be replicated
around the world. Namibian coastal
wind and desert solar could be deliv-
ered to the big cities of Southern Af-
rica, Australian desert solar trans-
ported to Southeast Asia, and
Patagonian wind brought to South
America’s metropolitan hubs.
Deserts, such as those found in the
Gulf, are home to almost innite so-
lar resources that have remained rel-
atively untapped. The world’s largest
single site solar farm is already lo-
cated in Abu Dhabi, but this is still a
largely domestic facility which can
be replicated at real transformative
All the energy humanity uses in a
year is equal to the energy that
reaches the earth from the sun in a
single hour. We can tap into this en-
ergy cost effectively. Solar and wind
power are already the cheapest ener-
gy sources in the world, and as tech-
nology improves, prices will de-
crease further. But despite the
enormous potential lying dormant in
solar, we are yet to see any meaning-
ful action towards fully realising its
potential. To do so, we will need to
establish the grids and technology
that would make this resource avail-
able to all.
In order to achieve this, we need
new transmission lines crossing
frontiers and connecting different
time zones, creating a global ecosys-
tem of interconnected renewables
and a new energy market built to op-
erationalise, and seize the opportuni-
ty in, a net zero future. This must be
combined with expanded and mod-
ernised national and regional grids
and complemented with the rapid
scale-up of mini-grids and off-grid
solar solutions.
The open secret is this technology
does exist and is already widely
used. High voltage direct current
(HVDC) transmission lines can
transport energy over long distances
– overhead, underground, or under-
water – with little energy loss. Clean
energy highways can be built rapidly
using undersea cables to help avoid
delays and the public opposition that
overhead lines often encounter.
Fundamentally, the grids of tomor-
row will also have to be designed to
handle a signicant increase in the
electrication of an energy system
powered by renewables, and will
therefore need to be ‘smart’, decen-
tralised, and digital. Integrating bil-
lions of rooftop solar panels, wind
turbines and storage systems into the
grid will require cutting edge tech-
nology and techniques, the likes of
which will only be deployed with
appropriate political and nancial
Organisations like the Climate Par-
liament are ghting to make this a
reality. At COP26 in 2021, the Prime
Ministers of India, Samoa and the
United Kingdom, and Ministers
from Australia, France, Nigeria, and
the United States launched the
Green Grids Initiative – One Sun
One World One Grid. The Green
Grids Initiative was rst conceived
by the Climate Parliament as a glob-
al coalition seeking to accelerate the
establishment of renewable grids.
As an international network of
legislators, the Climate Parliament
works to enact a functioning solu-
tion to the world’s dependence on
fossil fuels, centred on rapidly in-
creasing political support for, and
the development and use of, renew-
able energy sources such as solar
and wind.
Despite positive steps being taken
in this space, the pace at which work
is being carried out is not as fast as it
could, or should, be to avoid a cli-
mate catastrophe. If these projects
are to succeed, there will need to be
a lot more dynamism on the part of
governments to really champion the
As a result, the Climate Parliament
has now established a series of green
grids ‘accelerators’ focused on fos-
tering close collaboration between
business leaders, investors, govern-
ments, and legislators to create
‘project pipelines’ of green grid con-
struction projects which can move
rapidly from concept to completion.
These groups function to (literally)
accelerate particular clean energy
projects. They will open channels
for governments, investors, industry
leaders, legislators, and NGOs to be-
come involved in green grid build-
ing, increasing the speed at which
they can be built by enabling dy-
namic collaboration.
Furthermore, as an international
network, the Climate Parliament is
also working to increase cooperation
with non-state actors such as univer-
sities and research institutions, who
will be key players in the success of
the establishment of these grids, as
their ability to act independently en-
dows them with a dynamism that na-
tional governments can often lack.
Combining the resources and sta-
bility of state actors with the speed
and technical expertise of research
bodies and private sector operators,
who bring both skills, capital and
existing adaptive infrastructure, will
be key to making the energy transi-
tion a reality.
Climate change is a global prob-
lem, and as such, will require global
solutions. Green grids present us
with a viable way to drastically re-
duce our carbon emissions, increase
global interconnectivity, and create a
thriving green economy. It is now up
to us, and our governments, to be
bold, decisive and make it a reality.
Nicholas Dunlop and Dr. Sergio
Missana are, respectively, Secretary
General and Executive Director, of
the Climate Parliament.
Green grids offer
a viable way to
drastically reduce
carbon emissions.
Ideally situated
between Europe
and Asia, the Gulf
region could act as a
bridge linking a global
network of green
grids – desert solar
could be delivered
to Europe by day,
with European and
North African wind
energy transmitted
eastwards during
the night. The
Climate Parliament’s
Nicholas Dunlop
and Dr. Sergio
Missana, explain.
Green grids, global warming
Green grids, global warming
and the Gulf: a hot solution to
and the Gulf: a hot solution to
a hot issue
a hot issue
Industry Perspective
Norway commissioned 60 MW of
oating wind capacity last year,
bringing the region’s total installa-
tions to 171 MW, equal to 91 per cent
of global installations.
Looking forward, GWEC Market
Intelligence expects that total new
onshore and offshore wind power
installations will exceed 100 GW in
2023 and that 680 GW of new capac-
ity will be added in the next ve
years under current policies. This
equals more than 136 GW of new
installations per year until 2027. This
represents a compound annual
growth rate (CAGR) for the next ve
years of 15 per cent.
The GWEC lists ve pillars that
will underpin this level of growth in
the next ve years:
n Europe’s renewed urgency to re-
place fossil fuels with renewables to
achieve energy security in the after-
math of the Russian invasion of
n A strong uplift for renewable en-
ergy in the US over the next ten years,
primarily driven by the Ination Re-
duction Act (IRA)
n China’s commitment to further ex-
panding the role of renewables in its
energy mix, aiming for renewable
energy to contribute more than 80 per
cent of total new electricity consump-
tion by the end of the 14th Five-Year
Period (2021–2025);
n Governments fully waking up to
the opportunities that offshore wind
can provide, making offshore wind
truly global and increasing ambition
in mature and developing markets;
n Strong growth in large emerging
markets both onshore and offshore
from the middle of this decade.
In terms of the global onshore out-
look, the CAGR for onshore wind in
the next ve years is 12 per cent.
Expected average annual installa-
tions are 110 GW, with a total of 550
GW likely to be built in 2023–2027.
Growth in China, Europe and the
US will be the backbone of global
onshore wind development in the
next ve years. Altogether they are
expected to make up more than 80
per cent of total additional capacity
in 2023–2027. GWEC Market Intel-
ligence believes that China will be
the engine of near-term growth, ac-
counting for 62 per cent of new in-
stallations in 2023.
But installations will accelerate in
Europe, the US and emerging mar-
kets in Southeast Asia and Africa &
ME from 2025. Global onshore wind
markets will become more diversi-
ed by 2027 with half of the annual
growth coming from markets outside
of China.
Assessing the global offshore out-
look. GWEC nds that after a Y-o-Y
fall of 58 per cent in 2022, annual
offshore wind installations are ex-
pected to bounce back reaching 18
GW in 2023. The CAGR for offshore
wind in the next ve years is 32 per
cent. With such a promising growth
rate, new installations are likely to
double by 2027 from 2023 levels.
China and Europe will continue to
be the two key contributors to near-
term growth, making up more than
80 per cent of new additions in 2023
and 2024.
The US and emerging markets in
APAC will start gaining sizeable
market share from 2025 with 7-8
GW of new offshore wind expected
early 78 GW of wind power
capacity was added world-
wide last year, the lowest
level in the past three years but still
the third highest year in history, ac-
cording to the Global Wind Energy
Council’s (GWEC) latest report on
the sector. This was achieved despite
a challenging economic environment
and a disrupted global supply chain,
compounded by global health and
energy crises.
Commenting on the latest instal-
ment of the annual report, titled
‘Global Wind Report 2023’, Ben
Backwell, GWEC’s CEO said: “The
coming years will mark a crucial
transition period for the global wind
industry. Later this year, wind energy
will reach the historic milestone of 1
TW of installed capacity. It has taken
us around 40 years to get here. How-
ever, the next TW will take less than
a decade.”
Globally, 77.6 GW of new wind
power capacity was connected to
power grids in 2022, bringing total
installed wind generating capacity to
906 GW, a year-on-year (YoY)
growth of 9 per cent.
The onshore wind market added
68.8 GW worldwide last year, with
China contributing 52 per cent. Ad-
ditions were 5 per cent lower than
the previous year. The slowdown in
Latin America, Africa & the Middle
East is partly responsible for the de-
cline, but the primary reason, says
GWEC, was falling installations in
the US.
Despite nishing the year with a
strong nal quarter, the US wind in-
dustry commissioned only 8.6 GW
of onshore wind capacity in 2022,
due in part to supply chain constraints
and grid interconnection issues.
Thanks to record installations in
Sweden, Finland and Poland and
recovering installations in Germany
Europe performed well in a volatile
2022, said the report. The bloc added
a record 16.7 GW of onshore wind
capacity, bringing its market share
up to 24 per cent. Onshore wind ad-
ditions in North America last year
fell by 28 per cent while new addi-
tions in Asia-Pacic (APAC) re-
mained constant, but the three re-
gions combined still made up 92 per
cent of global onshore wind installa-
tions in 2022.
GWEC noted that 8.8 GW of new
offshore wind was fed into the grid
last year, bringing total global off-
shore wind capacity to 64.3 GW by
the end of 2022. New additions were
58 per cent lower than the “bumper”
year of 2021 but still made 2022 the
second highest year in history for
offshore wind installations.
China continued to lead global
offshore wind development, al-
though its new installations dropped
to 5 GW from 21 GW in 2021 a
record year driven by the end of the
feed-in tariff (FiT). Two other mar-
kets reported new offshore wind in-
stallations in APAC last year: Taiwan
(1175 MW) and Japan (84 MW). No
intertidal (nearshore) wind projects
achieved commercial operation in
Vietnam in 2022, due to the ceiling
price to be used by Vietnam Electric-
ity (EVN) to negotiate power pur-
chase agreements (PPAs) with inves-
tors for their renewable projects
missing until January 2023.
Europe connected the remaining
2.5 GW of capacity in 2022, with
France and Italy each commission-
ing their rst commercial offshore
wind projects. Despite the rate of
installations last year being the low-
est since 2016, Europe’s total off-
shore wind capacity reached 30 GW,
46 per cent of which is from the UK.
With its total installed offshore
wind capacity reaching 34 GW in
APAC, in 2022 Europe lost its top
position as the world’s largest off-
shore wind market but continues to
lead the way with oating wind.
to be added every year over the rest
of the forecast period.
In total, 130 GW of offshore wind
is expected to be added worldwide in
2023–2027, with expected average
annual installations of nearly 26 GW.
Beyond 2027, GWEC expects the
growth momentum to continue.
Global commitments to net zero,
coupled with growing energy secu-
rity concerns, have already brought
the urgency of deploying renewables
to the top of the political agenda.
“The energy and climate policies
now being pursued by the world’s
largest economies in both the ‘West’
and the ‘Global South’ point to a
whole new level of ambition and
support for wind energy and renew-
ables, said Backwell. “These policies
are likely to take us to 2 TW of in-
stalled wind energy by the end of
He added: “These policies are the
consequence of growing urgency in
the ght against dangerous global
heating; prolonged high fossil fuel
prices and the impact of fossil fuel
dependence on security; and the suc-
cess of our industry in scaling up and
establishing wind as one of the most
cost-competitive and reliable power
sources in the world.”
While the industry pushed through
the new level of 100 GW of annual
installations in 2021, the last few
years have not been without their
challenges. Many of the manufactur-
ers at the heart of the industry have
seen mounting nancial losses
caused by ‘race to the bottom’ pric-
ing, as a result of what GWEC de-
scribes as “misguided government
policies” around procurement and
off-take arrangements, exacerbated
by higher ination and logistics
Meanwhile, wind projects have
been delayed or stalled by inadequate
and inefcient permitting and licens-
ing rules, from Denmark to India to
Japan and beyond.
“This,” said GWEC, “has created
the bizarre paradox of energy mar-
kets rewarding fossil fuel companies
with record prots, while renewable
energy companies have struggled to
“As this report shows, while com-
panies have regrouped to adapt to the
new inationary pressures, the mar-
ket has stalled, and the industry in-
stalled only 77.6 GW in 2022,” it
All this has come at a time when
policymakers are racing to address
the energy and climate crises by
dramatically increasing their targets
for wind energy across the world.
Backwell believes, however that
the situation is about to change and
2023 will mark the start of a decisive
turnaround. He noted that govern-
ments of all the major industrialised
nations have enacted policies that
will result in a signicant accelera-
tion of deployment.
Nevertheless, he says much more is
needed, and fast. He concluded:
“The wind industry will need to
forge new partnerships with govern-
ments, cities, communities, investors
and customers in order to enable the
next era of growth. Working together,
we can put into place the right poli-
cies, which will allow trillions of
dollars in investments to ow and the
creation of millions of jobs.”
Energy Outlook
The Global Wind
Energy Council’s
recent ‘Global
Wind Report 2023’
revealed that new
capacity additions
last year were the
lowest for three
years. But despite
the challenging
conditions, the sector
will add as much
capacity in the next
decade as it has over
the last 40 years.
TEI Times presents
a summary of the
Wind power: building the
next terawatt
New installations outlook
2022-2026 (GW).
Source: GWEC, 2023
rogress towards the complete
decarbonisation of our energy
systems – the ultimate goal of
the energy transition – has seen a
whole new infrastructure to gener-
ate renewable energy gradually
spread out across the globe, with
developments faster in some places
than others.
A fundamental principle for elec-
tricity systems is that generation
must balance with demand across
all time periods, from micro-sec-
onds to hours and throughout sea-
sons. This doesn’t change when re-
newable energy sources are
integrated, but increasing the pro-
portion of variable renewable ener-
gy (VRE) in the mix introduces
some major new challenges.
As the proportion of renewables in
the energy mix increases, the impli-
cations for energy systems become
more acute. Their intermittent na-
ture increases the need for addition-
al power system exibility to avoid
blackouts, brownouts and other
power quality issues as more VRE
is introduced. Understanding how
the weather might behave, and how
this impacts generation potential is
a key part of almost all decisions
about renewable energy. Modelling
these impacts is not easy and be-
comes more signicant when you
factor in climate change. It follows
that the need to de-risk energy sup-
ply and climate investments, and in-
centivise funding requires informed,
persuasive, scenario-based and data-
driven modelling and insights.
As energy systems evolve, the pri-
mary challenge lies in managing the
differences between load and resid-
ual load, i.e., the difference between
forecasted load and the expected
electricity production from variable
renewable generation assets. In its
Status of Power System Transfor-
mation report the International En-
ergy Agency describes the various
levels of VRE penetration within
the energy transition, and the key
challenges associated with each.
In Phase 1, the percentage of VRE
is typically less than three per cent
of grid capacity. At such a low lev-
el, the availability, or unavailability,
of power generated from wind or
solar has no noticeable impact on
the system.
As the proportion of VRE in the
energy mix increases, the system
operator needs to react to changing
variability on multiple levels.
In Phase 2, where VRE typically
accounts for between three per cent
and 13 per cent of grid capacity and
has a minor to moderate impact on
system operation, challenges begin
to emerge as differences between
load and residual load become no-
ticeable at certain times. The oper-
ating patterns of legacy, fossil-fu-
elled generators start to be affected
by the input of VRE. The introduc-
tion of short-term forecasting (1-3
days ahead) for VRE generation
may be considered and transmission
system congestion constraints may
be encountered.
By Phase 3, the balance has shift-
ed and VRE now determines the op-
erational patterns of the overall
power system. Typically, this is ex-
pected when the proportion of VRE
reaches between 13 per cent and 25
per cent of total production. Dis-
patchable generators must now be
deployed more dynamically, and
system operators have to manage
new power ow patterns. There
may be a need to implement sub-
minute responses and increase fore-
casting capabilities from daily to
hourly, or even 10-minute intervals,
to maintain balance between de-
mand and supply and prevent out-
ages or power quality issues.
Given the intermittent nature of
renewables, a common concern is
ensuring sufcient backup genera-
tion to meet demand when weather
conditions are unfavourable. But by
Phase 3, and beyond, the opposite
challenge emerges when more pow-
er is produced than is required at
certain times. This also needs to be
managed, and so additional levers
such as curtailment, demand re-
sponse and energy storage must be
By Phase 4, VRE provides the
majority of electricity generation
during sustained periods. This typi-
cally requires advanced technical
solutions to ensure system stability.
Other changes will also be required
in operational and regulatory ap-
proaches e.g., to allow VRE to pro-
vide system services.
By Phase 5 there are sustained pe-
riods of excess generation from
VRE. Excess output will need to be
curtailed, stored or used in areas
that are not currently electried
such as transport or heating.
Once an energy system reaches
Phase 6, seasonal imbalances can
occur that will exceed the scale of
response available from demand
side and electricity storage mea-
sures. Phase 6 is therefore likely to
require measures such as the con-
version of electricity into chemical
form, such as hydrogen.
While the principles for operating
coal or diesel red generation plants
are pretty much the same all over
the globe, the availability and char-
acteristics of VRE resources vary
widely, as will the energy systems
that rely on them. The need to prop-
erly account for weather variability
and seasonality is crucial for plan-
ning, whether that’s for an individu-
al site, a portfolio of installations or
a complete system. This calls for
suitable datasets, models and tools.
The Institute for Environmental
Analytics, for example, has devel-
oped customised methods to merge
numerical weather models with sat-
ellite observations that make it pos-
sible to downscale wind, tempera-
ture and irradiance estimates to a
1km spatial resolution and 10-min-
ute time-step.
Once the expected resource has
been quantied, power yields and
levelised costs can be estimated.
This can be done at varying levels
of detail, using standard formulae
and manufacturers’ specications.
As a renewable energy project pro-
gresses from pre-feasibility into fea-
sibility and eventually to detailed
design, increasingly specic details
are required to reduce uncertainties,
prove viability and make the nan-
cial case. Again, this needs the ap-
propriate data, modelling tech-
niques and technology to
accomplish successfully.
Increasing the proportion of VRE
in the energy mix makes accurately
forecasting expected production
even more important. Current best
practice involves running a combi-
nation of forecasting techniques up
to the event. For example, if you are
forecasting power production at
10:00 am on a given day, numerical
weather prediction models provide
sufcient forecasting skill up to 24
hours ahead.
From 24 hours up to one hour be-
fore the event, the best forecasting
skill for solar comes from using sat-
ellite observations to predict the
movement of cloud using a technique
known as Cloud Motion Vectors.
From one hour before, and up to
the event, the best forecasting skill
comes from statistical models com-
bining forecasting methods with on-
site observations from sky cameras,
anemometers, and on-site power
Combining these prediction meth-
ods can give valuable data to the
system operator and help the site
owner schedule planned mainte-
nance at times of low- or no-genera-
tion, to minimise costs, optimise
revenues and maximise CO
sion reduction.
As with all VRE estimates, the ac-
curacy of the forecast is likely to be
localised, dependent on weather re-
gimes, and potentially variable. In
stable conditions forecasting accu-
racy could be very close to 100 per
cent, but in intermittent conditions
accuracy can drop signicantly.
Modelling future mixes of energy
generation across a range of times-
cales helps produce effective gener-
ation proles. This level of model-
ling involves navigating through
large, high-resolution time-series
data to nd typical and extreme
conditions and calls for signicant
modelling power.
Understanding variability across
multiple timescales provides the
key to understanding likely weather
behaviour and the potential for, and
impact on, renewable energy gener-
ation. Variability between years and
months is important for feasibility
analysis, planning and design activ-
ities. Understanding variation on a
daily, hourly, minute or even sec-
ond-by-second basis is crucial for
making operational decisions to
manage the grid.
For a solar plant, overcast condi-
tions will maximise the need for
dispatchable generation to compen-
sate for the lack of VRE. Highly in-
termittent generation must be bal-
anced either by storage or exible
dispatchable generation. Clear sky
conditions will minimise the need
for dispatchable generation.
At times of excess generation
from wind or solar, the system oper-
ator may need to curtail energy pro-
duction, store energy in batteries,
increase demand – for example, en-
courage EV charging or industrial
consumption – or convert it into a
fuel such as hydrogen.
A tool that enables generation pro-
les to be visualised with increasing
granularity shows how signicant
short-term variability can be on any
given day. At an individual site, up
to 80 per cent of solar generation
can be lost in as little as 30 seconds
as clouds obscure the sun. Manag-
ing the power system at all levels is
Robust weather behaviour model-
ling shows the impact on power
generation of different weather con-
ditions – both typical and extreme.
It is this modelling that informs the
strategies that governments, opera-
tors, generators and investors will
need to adopt to ensure a stable, ef-
cient and economically sound re-
newable energy system.
It is important to appreciate that
every case is different. From sce-
nario analysis to project design
through to operational energy gen-
eration, models must be customised
to the relevant specics to highlight
and quantify the uncertainty and
Effective decision-making around
renewable energy production calls
for a tool that enables quick evalua-
tion of multiple different generation
scenarios to plan effectively for a
successful energy transition.
The Institute for Environmental
Analytics has developed Energy-
Metric, a web-based application to
enable efcient development of
modelled scenarios to inform deci-
sion-making for prospecting, pre-
feasibility and feasibility analyses.
The application is designed to help
planners and investors create and
explore potential future VRE gener-
ation scenarios as power systems
evolve through transition phases.
Alan Yates is Head of Energy
Applications at the Institute for
Environmental Analytics.
Assessing the
nancial and
operational viability
of renewable energy
developments calls
for data-driven
decisions that are
based on robust,
reliable modelling.
The Institute for
Alan Yates
describes how
data-driven energy
modelling helps with
planning effective
strategies for
renewable power
Modelling weather impact
Modelling weather impact
for renewable energy
for renewable energy
Technology Focus
Yates: Robust weather
behaviour modelling
shows the impact on power
generation of different weather
conditions – both typical and
Final Word
ith the condemnation of
Russia’s “illegal, unjusti-
able, and unprovoked war
of aggression against Ukraine” out of
the way, it was time for the G7 Minis-
ters of Climate, Energy and the Envi-
ronment to get down to the business
of tackling the unprecedented twin
challenge of climate change and en-
ergy security. Yet after two days of
difcult talks in Japan last month,
which led to some signicant agree-
ments, questions remain as to whether
the Group of Seven wealthy nations
achieved the level of consensus need-
ed to address the task at hand.
In its communiqué issued after the
meeting in Sapporo, the G7 (consist-
ing of Canada, France, Germany, Ita-
ly, Japan, the UK and the US) set big
new collective targets for solar power
and offshore wind capacity. The
members pledged to collectively in-
crease offshore wind capacity by 150
GW by 2030, based on each country’s
existing targets, and solar capacity to
more than 1 TW.
The G7 ministers also committed to
promoting improvement in innovative
technologies such as oating wind and
stated that the G7 would ask the Inter-
national Renewable Energy Agency
(IRENA) to prepare an analysis on
innovation and sustainability of oat-
ing offshore wind.
“We will accelerate the deployment
of renewable energies such as solar,
onshore/offshore wind, hydropower,
geothermal, sustainable biomass,
biomethane, tidal using modern
technologies, as well as investing in
the development and deployment of
next-generation technologies and de-
veloping secure, sustainable and resil-
ient supply chains,” the communiqué
US Secretary of Energy Jennifer M.
Granholm, who served as the Head of
Delegation for the Energy Track of the
meeting, said it delivered “a strong
message that the G7 remains in lock
step” on the most pressing global en-
ergy and climate challenges.
“This document sends an important
signal to the rest of the world – from
other governments, to industry, to
civil society – that G7 nations are
mobilising to accelerate the decar-
bonisation and diversication of our
energy sources.”
The hope is that the agreements will
pave the way for similar commitments
from other major economies in forums
like the G20 and the UNFCC’s COP28
Climate Change summit, and form a
basis for agreements on environment
and energy at the upcoming G7 Lead-
ers’ Summit to be held in Hiroshima
from May 19-21.
Yet paving the way will be difcult
when there is already disagreement
within the ranks on how to get to the
nal destination. As the host country,
Japan was expected to lead in the
discussion on accelerating climate
change measures, yet was reluctant to
specify a date for the phase-out of coal
red power generation.
In addition to speeding up renew-
able energy development, the G7 also
pledged to move toward a quicker
phase-out of fossil fuels, commit-
ting “to accelerate the phase-out of
unabated fossil fuels in order to
achieve net zero in energy systems by
However, it stopped short of endors-
ing a 2030 deadline for phasing out
coal, which Canada and other mem-
bers had pushed for, and left the door
open for continued investment in gas,
saying that sector could help address
potential energy shortfalls.
Canada was clear that unabated coal
red power should be phased out by
2030, and other members, including
the UK and France committed to that
date, Canada’s minister of natural re-
sources, Jonathan Wilkinson, told
“Others are still trying to gure out
how they could get there within their
relevant timeframe,” Wilkinson said.
“We are trying to nd ways (for) some
who are more coal-dependent than
others to nd technical pathways how
to do that,” he said.
Japanese Industry Minister Yasu-
toshi Nishimura told a news confer-
ence: “In the midst of an unprecedent-
ed energy crisis, it’s important to come
up with measures to tackle climate
change and promote energy security
at the same time.
“While acknowledging that there are
diverse pathways to achieve carbon
neutral, we agreed on the importance
of aiming for a common goal toward
Japan’s pushback on fossil fuels is
understandable, even if its desired path
forward is questionable. The country
depends on fossil fuel imports for
nearly all its energy needs.
Having experienced oil crises in the
1970s, it reduced its dependency on
fossil fuels to a certain extent but since
the Great East Japan Earthquake in
2011, thermal power generation has
increased, with dependency on fossil
fuels in FY2019 being 84.8 per cent,
according to METI (Ministry of
Economy, Trade and Industry). Inter-
national Energy Agency (IEA) gures
show that in 2019, fossil fuels ac-
counted for 88 per cent of total pri-
mary energy supply – the sixth
highest share among IEA countries.
The country is therefore looking at
ways to keep its coal red plants
running by co-ring hydrogen and
ammonia for power generation – a
strategy not endorsed by the G7 in the
agreement, as it has little impact on
emission reductions and is not con-
sistent with a 1.5°C pathway. The
government also wants to keep lique-
ed natural gas (LNG) as a transition
fuel for at least 10 to 15 years.
With the recent IPCC report reiterat-
ing the critical climate situation, envi-
ronmental groups were understand-
ably less than impressed with Japan’s
Climate Action Network Japan
(CAN-Japan) said: “As the host
country, Japan should not be focusing
on building consensus around reliance
on new technologies to prolong the life
of fossil fuels. We expect Japan to lead
the discussion on what should be done
in this critically important decade to
achieve the 1.5°C target of the Paris
Agreement, and to provide a concrete
roadmap for a phase-out of fossil fuels
and a just transition to renewable en-
ergy, including setting a date for the
phase-out of coal red power genera-
tion in line with the Paris 1.5°C target.”
Masayoshi Iyoda, Interim Team
Lead, 350.org Japan, added: “The G7
Sapporo Ministerial Meeting agree-
ment on numerical targets for the in-
troduction of solar and wind power as
a means to achieve the Paris 1.5°C
goal, is a step forward. However, it is
not a sufcient response to the ur-
gency of the climate crisis. The list of
unsettled technologies such as green-
washed ammonia/hydrogen co-ring
with fossil fuels, CCS (carbon capture
and storage)/CCUS (carbon capture,
utilisation and storage)/DACCS (Di-
rect Air Capture with Carbon Storage),
as well as risky nuclear power, obscure
the top priority for maximising energy
efciency and a just transition to 100
per cent renewable energy solutions.”
These are valid criticisms and hope-
fully will help stimulate Japan’s
edgling offshore wind programme.
Despite having 34 000 km of coastline
and being among the rst markets in
Asia to examine the sectors potential,
the country’s rst offshore wind
project only began operating in Janu-
ary. According to Wood Mackenzie,
its second offshore wind tender is
expected to close in June.
Commenting on the communiqué,
Dave Jones, head of data insights at
energy think-tank Ember, said:
“Hopefully this will provide a chal-
lenge to Japan, for which offshore
wind is the missing part of the jigsaw
that could see its power sector decar-
bonise much quicker than it thought
So perhaps one of the most important
outcomes of the meeting is that there
is clear consensus that climate change
and energy security go hand-in-hand.
“Initially people thought that climate
action and action on energy security
potentially were in conict. But dis-
cussions which we had and which are
reected in the communiqué are that
they actually work together,” said
Stressing this message is key, as
Japan and other G7 members respond
to criticism that they are backtracking
on climate targets following the
Ukraine crisis.
At the upcoming G7 Hiroshima
Summit, a more ambitious agreement
is required for the G7 to lead the
global effort to achieve the 1.5°C
target of the Paris Agreement. But to
have any chance of instilling con-
dence in that small ‘Mexican village’
called planet Earth that they can lead
the ght on climate change, the G7
will have to be a bit more magnicent.
The not so
Magnicent Seven?
Junior Isles
Cartoon: jemsoar.com